The Amazing Adventures of Gudrid: A Summary of The Far Traveler: Voyages of a Viking Woman by Nancy Marie Brown
The Far Traveler: Voyages of a Viking Woman books pdf file 1
Have you ever wondered what it was like to be a Viking woman in the 11th century? To sail across the Atlantic Ocean and explore unknown lands? To witness the clash of cultures and religions between the Norse pagans and the Christian converts? To leave behind a legacy that would inspire generations of storytellers and historians?
The Far Traveler: Voyages of a Viking Woman books pdf file 1
If you have, then you might be interested in reading The Far Traveler: Voyages of a Viking Woman, a book by Nancy Marie Brown that tells the remarkable story of Gudrid, one of the most adventurous and influential women in history. In this article, I will give you an overview of the book and its author, summarize the main events and locations of Gudrid's travels, analyze the impact and legacy of Gudrid's explorations, and review the book's strengths and weaknesses. By the end of this article, you will have a better understanding of who Gudrid was, what she did, and why you should read this book.
Who was Gudrid?
Gudrid was born around 980 AD in Iceland, a daughter of a wealthy chieftain. She grew up in a turbulent time when Iceland was undergoing a religious conversion from Norse paganism to Christianity. She was also exposed to different cultures and languages through her father's trade connections with Norway, England, Ireland, and Greenland.
Gudrid married twice in her life. Her first husband was Thorir, a merchant who died during an epidemic in Greenland. Her second husband was Thorfinn Karlsefni, an explorer who led an expedition to Vinland, the legendary land discovered by Leif Erikson. Gudrid accompanied Thorfinn on his voyage and became the first European woman to give birth in America.
Gudrid was not only a mother but also a traveler. She visited many places in the New World, such as Greenland, Vinland, Markland, and Helluland. She also made a pilgrimage to Rome with her husband after they returned to Iceland. She met with the Pope and received his blessing. She later became a nun and founded a monastery in Iceland.
Gudrid was also a source of inspiration for many sagas and legends. She was praised for her beauty, intelligence, courage, and piety. She was admired for her achievements as an explorer, a settler, a pilgrim, and a nun. She was remembered as one of the most remarkable women in history.
What were the voyages of Gudrid?
Gudrid's voyages were part of the Viking expansion in the 10th and 11th centuries. The Vikings were seafaring warriors and traders who explored and colonized many parts of Europe, Asia, and North America. They were driven by curiosity, adventure, wealth, and glory. They also faced challenges such as harsh weather, hostile natives, and internal conflicts.
Gudrid's voyages took her to four different lands in the New World: Greenland, Vinland, Markland, and Helluland. Each land had its own characteristics, opportunities, and dangers. Let's take a look at each one of them.
Greenland was the first settlement of the Vikings in the New World. It was discovered by Erik the Red, the father of Leif Erikson, around 985 AD. Erik named it Greenland to attract settlers, even though most of the land was covered by ice. He established two colonies on the southwest coast: the Eastern Settlement and the Western Settlement.
Gudrid first arrived in Greenland with her father and her first husband Thorir around 1000 AD. They settled in the Eastern Settlement, where they became wealthy and influential. Gudrid also met Leif Erikson, who had just returned from his discovery of Vinland. Leif told Gudrid about his voyage and invited her to join him on his next expedition.
Gudrid agreed to go with Leif, but before they could depart, Thorir died of an illness. Gudrid then married Thorfinn Karlsefni, a friend of Leif who also wanted to explore Vinland. Together with Leif and other settlers, they sailed from Greenland to Vinland in 1004 AD.
Vinland was the mysterious land of grapes and wild wheat that Leif Erikson had discovered around 1000 AD. He named it Vinland because of the abundance of vines and berries he found there. He also built a small settlement called Leifsbudir (Leif's booths) on the northern tip of Newfoundland.
Gudrid and Thorfinn arrived in Vinland with three ships and about 160 people. They stayed at Leifsbudir for a while, but soon decided to explore further south along the coast. They found a place that had a large river and a lake with many islands. They called it Hop (Lagoon) and decided to settle there.
Gudrid and Thorfinn enjoyed the fertile land and the mild climate of Hop. They planted crops, raised animals, traded with the natives, and had a son named Snorri. Gudrid became the first European woman to give birth in America.
However, not everything was peaceful in Vinland. The natives, whom the Vikings called Skraelings (wretches), were not always friendly. They sometimes attacked the Vikings with arrows and stones. The Vikings fought back with swords and axes. The conflict escalated when a bull belonging to the Vikings ran out of the woods and frightened the Skraelings. The Skraelings fled in panic and never returned.
Gudrid and Thorfinn realized that Vinland was too dangerous to stay for long. They decided to return to Greenland after spending three years in Hop. They took with them some products from Vinland, such as grapes, furs, and timber.
Markland was the forested land of lumber and furs that Leif Erikson had discovered on his way to Vinland. He named it Markland because of the abundance of trees he found there. He did not stay there for long, but he reported its location to other explorers.
Gudrid and Thorfinn stopped at Markland on their way back from Vinland. They needed more wood for their ships and houses. They also wanted to trade with the natives for furs and skins. They found a place that had a large bay and a river with many salmon. They called it Furdustrandir (Wonder-strands) and stayed there for a while.
Gudrid and Thorfinn enjoyed the rich resources and the friendly natives of Markland. They cut down trees, caught fish, hunted animals, and exchanged goods with the natives. They also met a man named Bjarni Grimolfsson, who had been shipwrecked in Markland for several years. He joined them on their journey back to Greenland.
, and The Vinland Sagas. Some of these legends include The Tale of Gudrid, The Tale of Thorfinn Karlsefni, The Tale of Snorri Thorfinnsson, and The Tale of Freydis Eiriksdottir.
Gudrid's sagas and legends showed her influence and popularity. She was a hero, a role model, and a myth. She was portrayed in different ways, such as a noble lady, a brave explorer, a wise leader, a devout pilgrim, and a holy nun. She was also involved in different events, such as battles, miracles, prophecies, and romances. She was admired and respected by many people.
Why should you read this book?
Now that you have learned more about Gudrid and her voyages, you might be wondering why you should read this book. What makes this book different from other books on the same topic? What are the pros and cons of this book? Here are some reasons why you should or should not read this book.
One of the pros of this book is its accuracy. The author, Nancy Marie Brown, is an expert on medieval history and literature. She has done extensive research on Gudrid and her sources. She has visited the places where Gudrid lived and traveled. She has consulted with archaeologists, historians, linguists, and geneticists. She has used both primary and secondary sources to reconstruct Gudrid's life and times. She has also used modern science and technology to verify and update the information.
Another pro of this book is its readability. The author has written the book in a clear and engaging style. She has used simple and vivid language to describe Gudrid's world and experiences. She has also used anecdotes, quotes, images, maps, and diagrams to illustrate her points. She has organized the book into chapters that follow Gudrid's chronology and geography. She has also included notes, references, glossaries, and indexes to help the reader understand the context and details.
A third pro of this book is its relevance. The author has shown how Gudrid's story is still important and interesting today. She has connected Gudrid's story to contemporary issues such as gender, identity, culture, religion, environment, and globalization. She has also compared Gudrid's story to other stories of exploration and discovery from different times and places. She has also suggested how Gudrid's story can inspire us to be more adventurous, curious, and open-minded.
One of the cons of this book is its limitations. The author has admitted that there are many gaps and uncertainties in Gudrid's story. She has tried to fill them with plausible explanations and interpretations, but she has also acknowledged that they are not definitive or conclusive. She has also warned that some of the sources are biased or unreliable, and that some of the evidence is incomplete or contradictory. She has also noted that some of the information may change or be challenged by new discoveries or theories.
Another con of this book is its biases. The author has stated that she is fascinated by Gudrid and admires her greatly. She has also stated that she is a feminist and a Christian. She has tried to be objective and balanced in her presentation of Gudrid's story, but she has also expressed her opinions and preferences on some matters. She has also emphasized some aspects of Gudrid's story more than others, such as her travels rather than her domestic life.
analyzes the impact and legacy of Gudrid's explorations, and reviews the book's strengths and weaknesses. It also provides some reasons why you should or should not read this book.
If you are interested in learning more about Gudrid and her voyages, you can find this book online or in your local library. You can also visit the websites and museums that feature Gudrid and her artifacts. You can also watch the documentaries and movies that depict Gudrid and her adventures. You can also read the sagas and legends that celebrate Gudrid and her achievements.
Gudrid was a woman who dared to dream and do. She was a woman who changed history and inspired generations. She was a woman who deserves to be remembered and honored. She was the far traveler, the voyager of a Viking woman.
Here are some frequently asked questions about Gudrid and her voyages:
Q: How do we know about Gudrid and her voyages?
A: We know about Gudrid and her voyages mainly from two medieval Icelandic sagas: The Saga of Erik the Red and The Saga of the Greenlanders. These sagas were written in the 13th century based on oral traditions that dated back to the 11th century. They were preserved in manuscripts that were discovered in the 17th century. We also know about Gudrid and her voyages from other sources such as archaeological evidence, historical records, genetic studies, and literary analysis.
Q: Where did Gudrid go in her voyages?
A: Gudrid went to four different lands in the New World: Greenland, Vinland, Markland, and Helluland. Greenland was the first settlement of the Vikings in the New World. Vinland was the mysterious land of grapes and wild wheat that Leif Erikson had discovered. Markland was the forested land of lumber and furs that Leif Erikson had discovered. Helluland was the barren land of rocks and ice that Leif Erikson had discovered.
Q: What did Gudrid do in her voyages?
A: Gudrid did many things in her voyages. She settled in Greenland with her father and her first husband Thorir. She married Thorfinn Karlsefni, an explorer who led an expedition to Vinland. She accompanied Thorfinn on his voyage and became the first European woman to give birth in America. She visited many places in the New World, such as Greenland, Vinland, Markland, and Helluland. She traded with the natives, planted crops, raised animals, hunted wildlife, and fought enemies. She also made a pilgrimage to Rome with her husband after they returned to Iceland. She met with the Pope and received his blessing. She later became a nun and founded a monastery in Iceland.
Q: Why did Gudrid go on her voyages?
A: Gudrid went on her voyages for various reasons. She went to Greenland with her father and her first husband Thorir because they wanted to seek new opportunities and wealth. She went to Vinland with her second husband Thorfinn Karlsefni because they wanted to explore new lands and establish a colony. She went to Rome with her husband after they returned to Iceland because they wanted to convert to Christianity and make a pilgrimage to the Holy See. She also went on her voyages because she was curious, adventurous, courageous, and ambitious.
Q: When did Gudrid go on her voyages?
A: Gudrid went on her voyages in the 11th century AD. She was born around 980 AD in Iceland. She arrived in Greenland around 1000 AD with her father and her first husband Thorir. She sailed from Greenland to Vinland around 1004 AD with her second husband Thorfinn Karlsefni. She returned to Greenland around 1007 AD with her husband and son Snorri. She traveled from Iceland to Rome around 1020 AD with her husband after they converted to Christianity. She died around 1050 AD in Iceland after she became a nun.